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This page describes the 1960 Tauchretter 08 September 2010
 
Recently I was able to buy a Drger Tauchretter Model TR 60. This life saving dive jacket was designed in the 60's and is a surprising rebreather. One of the most interesting aspects of this rebreather is that in fact it is a semiclosed rebreather! It is well known that using pure oxygen rebreathers to escape from depth introduces a big risk of oxygen toxicity. Semiclosed rebreathers offer a improvement because the breathed gas has a much lower oxygen content. This rebreather uses EAN 50!
 
The TR 60 is a very complete and well designed compact rebreather. Please check the Gallery for photos.
 
  GALLERY
 
To understand how the rebreather works on depth I here made two calculations to show why the partial pressure of oxygen is much lower with a semiclosed rebreather compared tot the standard oxygen rebreathers. The working principle is based on the semi-closed equation:
  equation  
The meaning of the formula is:
  explenation  

The unit is equipped with a constant mass flow regulator with a gas flow of 3,0 l/min. This flow is constant to a depth of 40 meter. This means that the intermediate pressure is 10 bar on the orifice. The flow will continue to 10 bar and the stops. This will happen o a depth of 90 meters. Becauese the flow is constant to half the IP at 40 meter there will be exact 3,0 ltr/min. Imagine a diver who uses 0,5 ltr oxygen per minute the partial pressure he is breathing can be calculated with the mentioned equation.

FiO2 = unknown

Qs = 3,0 ltr/min

FsO2 = 0,5 (EAN 50)

VO2 = 0,5 ltr/min

FiO2 = ((3,0ltr/min x 0,5)-0,5)) / (3,0 ltr/min - 0,5 ltr/min) = 0,4 meaning the fraction of the inhaled gas is 0,4. The gas is EAN 40 breathed at 40 meter the partial pressure of oxygen at depth is 5 bar ambient pressure x 0,4 bar oxygen pressure = 2 bar ! In the 60's military divers where supposed to be capable of breathing 2 bar oxygen! Fortunately this has been changed, although this unit would only be used in a emergency situation and therefore the 2,0 bar is not so crazy..

When the diver uses more oxygen due to swimming or stress the unit can be used deeper. Imagine a oxygen consumption of 0,8 liter per minute the inspired gas is:

FiO2 = ((3,0ltr/min x 0,5)-0,8)) / (3,0 ltr/min - 0,8 ltr/min) = 0,318. When a gas is breathed with a fraction of 0,318 th maximum depth when 2 bar oxygen pressure is allowed is 2bar / 0,318 = 6,28 bar. On a depth of 52,8 meter the rebreather feeds EAN 31,8 resulting in a oxygen pressure of 2bar.

 
In the following manual  you find more details about this very nice unit!
 
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For additional pictures please check the GALLERY
 
I would like to thank Joe Brandt for his kind cooperation sending me the manual and info about this great unit. Please check Joe's website here
         
  If you have additional information, pictures or information about this unit please do not hesitate to send it to: jw.bech@quicknet.nl last modified 08-09-2010
         
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