For high altitude flying, from 4000 meters and higher, it
was necessary for the crew to find breathing equipment
to be able to breath oxygen for respiration. Therefore the German
company Ahrendt and Heplandt developed a breathing apparatus that was
produced in two versions, a small type en a larger
type. Based on a vaporization system the apparatus was filled with liquid air.
The air was vaporized and is was breathed through a hose and mouthpiece, or
breathing mask. The system was designed in such way that with increasing
high the gas dosage increased as well. The unit was preheated with a heating
system to start the vaporization. The small unit was a 3 kg unit and
contained 1,3 ltr liquid air, and the bigger unit weights 4 kg and contained
2,3 ltr of liquid air.